February 3, 2022


On January 31st, 2022, three vulnerabilities CVE-2021-44141, CVE-2022-0336, CVE202144142 in Samba were publicly disclosed. Samba is a free and open-source software (FOSS) package that provides SMB/CIFS capability for Linux/Unix devices[1].

CVE-2022-0336 is a vulnerability in Samba Active Directory which allows an attacker to bypass service principal name (SPN) checking, allowing an attacker to intercept traffic and impersonate existing services[2].

CVE-2021-44141 is an information disclosure vulnerability due to the existence of symlinks pointing to files or directories outside of the supported file share impacting all versions of Samba file servers prior to version 4.15.5[3].

CVE-2021-44142 is an out-of-bounds heap read/write vulnerability in all versions of Samba prior to 4.13.17’s VFS module “vfs_fruit”. If exploited, an unauthenticated, remote attacker has the potential to execute arbitrary, adversary-controlled code as root from the impacted system[4].

Details & Affected Technologies

CVE Description CVSS 3.1 (Base) CVSS 3.1 Vector String (Base) ATT&CK CWE
CVE-2022-0336 Checks in the Samba AD DC to prevent aliased SPNs could be bypassed giving users who can write to an account’s servicePrincipalName
attribute the ability to impersonate services.
T1068 –
Exploitation for Privilege Escalation
CWE-732: Incorrect Permission Assignment for Critical Resource
CVE-2021-44141 A client can use a symlink to discover if a file or directory exists on the filesystem outside of the exported share. The user must have permissions
to query a symlink inside the exported share using SMB1 with UNIX extensions turned on.
T1210 – Exploitation of Remote Services CWE-61: Unix Symbolic Link (Symlink) Following
CVE-2022-44142 All versions of Samba prior to 4.13.17 are vulnerable to an
out-of-bounds heap read write vulnerability that allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code as root on affected Samba installations that use the VFS module vfs_fruit.
T1203 – Exploitation for Client Execution
T1068 –
Exploitation for Privilege Escalation
CWE-787: Out-of-bounds Write
CWE-125: Out-of-bounds Read

HG Suggestions and Recommendations

Security updates are available for all three of the vulnerabilities. The Herjavec Group Threat and Vulnerability Management Team recommends organizations with vulnerable systems prioritize the patching of the critical (CVE-2021-44142) and high vulnerabilities (CVE-2022-0336) due to their high exploit potential.

The team also recommends organizations seeking to protect themselves against T1023 – Exploitation for Client Execution, T1068 – Exploitation for Privilege Escalation, and T1210 – Exploitation of Remote Services consider Application Isolation and Sandboxing to make it harder for adversaries to advance malicious operations.  

In the event that updating impacted systems is not possible in a timely manner, temporary workarounds exist for  CVE-2021-44141 and CVE-2021-44142.

CVE-2021-44141 requires SMB1 to be enabled in order to be exploited. By disabling SMB1, the exploit cannot successfully occur. If you cannot update impacted systems immediately, disable SMB1 as soon as possible.

CVE-2021-44142 can be temporarily mitigated by removing the “fruit” VFS module from the list of configured objects in any “vfs objects” line in the Samba configuration file: smb.conf. Organizations choosing to implement this workaround should be aware that changing this setting will cause all stored information to be inaccessible, making the information appear lost for macOS clients. 


[1] The Samba Team, “What is Samba?,” Samba.  Accessed Feb. 01, 2022.

[2] The Samba Team, “CVE-2022-0336,” Samba Security Announcement Archive, Jan. 31, 2022. Accessed Feb. 01, 2022.

[3] The Samba Team, “Samba – Security Announcement Archive.” Accessed Feb. 01, 2022.

[4] The Samba Team, “CVE-2021-44142,” Samba Security Announcement Archive, Jan. 31, 2022. Accessed Feb. 01, 2022.